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Thursday, September 6, 2012

Pioneer Women. 5.

Almost sight unseen, I can tell you who the all-time pioneer of women's comedy was.
I say almost sight unseen, because I never really saw that much of her work.
And virtually none of her stand-up, even though I know she did it extensively.

I am referring to Fanny Brice.

All I really know about her work is from her handful of appearances in films, and her work in radio,
where she appeared in character as "Baby Snooks"
I am given to understand that she appeared in children's clothes for the studio
audiences when she did her radio show.
She also attempted that for her only TV appearance.
By all accounts, that is why it was her only TV appearance.
It did not go down well.
Maybe the fact that she was 59 at the time didn't help.
But from the second decade of the twentieth century on, she was without question
one of the biggest stars ever.
She was a consistent headliner in the Ziegfeld Follies.
The biggest showcase for stars on Broadway.
And most of that work was done solo.

I tried to learn more about her.
The only real source I had was the movies "Funny Girl" and "Funny Lady"
I came across something very interesting.
Both movies were almost total works of fiction.
I found a website, Musicals 101.com, that lists point by point where the movies strayed from the truth.
Here are some examples of the straying:

•Fanny was not an only child, but the third of four.

•Fanny's parents owned a chain of profitable saloons in Newark, New Jersey.
So they raised their family in comfort, with household servants and trips to visit relatives in Europe.

•Fanny's mother Rose spent years managing those saloons while her husband played cards and drank heavily.
Rose finally got a legal separation, sold off the saloons and took the kids to Brooklyn, where she made a good living buying and selling real estate.
While Fanny struggled towards fame, her family lived in a series of handsome apartments and townhouses, including one on Manhattan's swanky Beekman Place – nothing like the lower class Henry Street life seen in the musical.

•Fanny made her amateur debut as a solo singer at Frank Keeney's popular Brooklyn vaudeville theatre.
She was never part of the chorus, on roller skates or otherwise.
•Fanny was fired from a chorus by Broadway legend George M. Cohan.
He dropped Brice from the Broadway cast of Talk of the Town because she could not dance.
To cover her disappointment, Fanny claimed she was dumped because of her "skinny legs."
That incident inspired the Keeney scenes in the musical.

•Fanny did not meet Nick Arnstein at Keeney's.

•In her teens, Fanny was married to (and quickly divorced from) Frank White, a small town barber with a taste for young actresses.
Although the union was brief, Fanny later claimed it was consummated, so she lost her sexual innocence years before meeting Nick.

•Funny Girl makes no mention of Fanny's friendship with Irving Berlin.
His "Sadie Salome Go Home" helped Fanny break into the big-time.

•Fanny was not in Brooklyn burlesque when Ziegfeld sent for her.
In fact, she had already made her legit debut in a touring Shubert Brothers production.

• While it is true that Fanny performed material her own way, the pregnant bride number depicted in Funny Girl never happened.
If it had, Florenz Ziegfeld would have fired her on the spot, no matter how much the audience laughed.
Fanny actually made her Follies debut in 1910 singing the now forgotten song "Lovey Joe."

• Fannny and Ziegfeld always treated each other with professional and personal respect.
She always abided by his creative decisions, and never "gave him an ulcer."
•Nick Arnstein "gorgeous"? Oy vey! Compared to who – William Howard Taft?
He may have been sophisticated, and at 6'6" he towered over most men, but he was not a beauty.

•Fanny first met Nick in Baltimore while on tour in a Shubert Brother's 1912 revue. Betting on horses under the alias "Nick Arnold," his real name was Julius Arnstein. He used several aliases to cover his international criminal record.
• Nick tagged along with the Shubert's tour, returned to New York with Fanny, and immediately moved in with her and her mother.
He also began spending Fanny's money.

•Fanny had Nick investigated and learned he was still married to his first wife. Hopelessly in love, Fanny pretended it didn't matter.
She had to wait seven years for his divorce to come through, and married him in 1919 -- just two months before the birth of their daughter Frances.

•Funny Girl depicts Arnstein as a classy gambler who turned to crime because he didn't want to live on Fanny's money. Not so!
Nick was a common criminal and had no qualms about sponging off Fanny for their entire marriage.
Before meeting her, he had already been arrested for swindling in three European countries.
Shortly after they met (and before their marriage), he was jailed for wiretapping. The lovesick Fanny visited him weekly in Sing Sing, so she knew what he was long before they exchanged vows.

• Nick and Fanny had a daughter named Frances (who later married producer Ray Stark) and a son named William who became a respected artist and college professor.
By mutual agreement, William was not mentioned in Funny Girl.

•The film version of Funny Girl shows Fanny doing a "Baby Snooks" routine in the Follies on the night in 1920 that Ziegfeld tells her Nick has been arrested.
In fact, she did not create Snooks until the 1933 Follies – a year after Ziegfeld's death.

•Fanny owned a Manhattan townhouse on West 76th Street and a large county place in Huntington, Long Island.
Her money paid for both, so Arnstein's financial losses never changed their living arrangements.

• Funny Girl suggests Nick's big "mistake" was selling phony bonds.
In fact, he was part of a gang that deliberately stole five million dollars worth
of Wall Street securities – a tremendous sum in 1920.
Instead of gallantly turning himself in as depicted in the film, he stayed in hiding for four months, leaving Fanny to face intense press and police harassment while giving birth to their son William.
When Nick finally surrendered to the authorities, he fought the charges on every possible technicality for four years - and three guesses who worked like a slave to pay off Nick's gargantuan legal bills.

• A federal court finally threw Nick into Leavenworth for 14 months, where Fanny used her influence to arrange for special treatment (including meals cooked by the warden's wife!).

• Fanny finally divorced Nick in 1927 after discovering that he was having an affair with an older, wealthier woman.

• Nick attempted a reconciliation with Fanny in the late 1940s, but she wisely chose not to risk dealing with him again.


I had no idea what crocks of shit these movies were until I read all of this, but nowhere does it contradict the fact that Fanny Brice was this gigantic, humongously
gifted comedienne.
No woman was nearly as big, for as long as she was, as Fanny Brice.
She was to babes in comedy what Babe Ruth was to baseball.

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My books ,"Show Runner" and it's sequel,"Show Runner Two", can be found at the Amazon Kindle Store.
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******

3 comments:

  1. In case you haven't seen it, try and catch EVERYBODY SING (1938), which also stars Judy Garland. Garland does a musical number with Brice as Baby Snooks. And of course Brice appears in THE GREAT ZIEGFELD (1936).

    Great choice on Brice; there's so much history that the media today simply ignores.

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Hi. I am, according to my Wikipedia entry,(which I did not create) a noted television writer, playwright, screenwriter, and occasional actor. You can Google me or go to the IMDB to get my credits, and you can come here to get my opinions on things, which I'll try to express eloquently. Hopefully I'll succeed. You can also e-mail me at macchus999@aol.com. Perhaps my biggest claim to fame is being responsible, for about six months in 1975, while Head Writer for the "Happy Days" TV series, for Americans saying to each other "Sit on it."